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About Ngorongoro Crater

About Ngorongoro Crater

The jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown is a deep, volcanic crater, the largest un-flooded and unbroken caldera in the world. About 20kms across, 610 meters deep and 306 sq kms in area, the Ngorongoro Crater is a breathtaking natural wonder.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area spans vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, savanna woodlands and forests. Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional livestock grazing, it includes the-spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera. The area has global importance for biodiversity conservation due to the presence of globally threatened species, the density of wildlife inhabiting the area, and the annual migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles and other animals into the northern plains. Extensive archaeological research has also yielded a long sequence of evidence of human-evolution and human environment dynamics, including early hominid footprints dating back 3.6 million years.